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Non-Surgical Therapies

Maintaining your periodontal health is at the center of retaining a healthy and beautiful smile. Non-surgical therapies address and prevent the breakdown of the supporting structures of the teeth. Periodontal disease can cause the disintegration of these structures, and non-surgical treatments allow for the stability of your periodontal health without the need for invasive surgeries. Whether it is through regular cleaning or the adjustment of your bite, non-surgical therapies can contribute to your overall dental health.

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Your Treatment Options

Your Treatment Options

Scaling and
Root Planing

Scaling and
Root Planing

This thorough cleaning removes plaque and tartar deposits from beneath the gum line. During this procedure, Dr. Salamati may plane the tooth roots to smooth the surface, allowing the gum tissue and tooth to reattach. If pockets between the teeth and gums are already present, surgical options may be required; however, for many patients, scaling and root planing maintains your periodontal health, and additional active treatments are not required.

Systemic
Antibiotics

Systemic
Antibiotics

When infections are present at the time of the scaling and root planing procedure, systemic antibiotics are prescribed to fight bacteria-related infections. Systemic antibiotics are oral antibiotics.

Local Delivery
of Antimicrobials

Local Delivery
of Antimicrobials

Unlike systemic antibiotics, local delivery of antimicrobials is delivered directly into the periodontal pockets. This medication suppresses and eliminates periodontal bacteria.

Occlusal (Bite)
Adjustment

Occlusal (Bite)
Adjustment

Bite therapy restores a healthy, well-functioning bite. This therapy addresses teeth that show wear, looseness, or jaw joint damage and can include:

  • Reshaping the biting surfaces to create even pressure across your entire bite
  • Applying braces to adjust mal-aligned teeth
  • Replacing old or damaged fillings
  • Reconstructing damaged teeth
  • Using a custom-fitted, plastic bite guard to decrease pressure on the teeth

Frequently Asked Questions

Periodontal disease can be caused by many factors, including:

  • Bacteria
  • Genetics
  • Hormonal changes
  • Stress
  • Medication
  • Tobacco use
  • Poor nutrition

While there is no absolute cure for periodontal disease, non-surgical therapies can keep your condition stable and minimize the risk of tooth loss.

Patients who are treated with periodontal therapies often need to see their dentists for cleanings every three months, opposed to the traditional six-month check ups. This way your dentist can monitor your periodontal health and keep you smiling longer.

While non-surgical therapies provide substantial relief and treatment for periodontal issues, there are limitations, and advanced stages of periodontal disease may require surgical procedures to restore the periodontal anatomy that has been damaged or destroyed.

The best way to prevent periodontal problems is through consistent and proper at-home oral care. You should brush your teeth with a soft-bristled brush at least twice a day, floss and rinse on a daily basis, and attend regular check ups with Dr. Salamati.