There are many forms of periodontal gum disease. The most common ones include the following.
Gingivitis Periodontal Disease
Untreated gingivitis is the mildest form of periodontal disease. It causes the gums to become red, swollen, and bleed easily. It is usually little or no discomfort at this stage. Gingivitis is reversible with professional treatment and good oral hygiene at home.
A form of periodontitis that occurs in patients who are otherwise clinically healthy. Common features include rapid attachment loss and bone destruction and familial aggregation.
Chronic Periodontitis is a form of periodontal gum disease resulting in inflammation within the supporting tissues of the teeth, progressive attachment, and bone loss. It is characterized by periodontal pocket formation and/or recession of the gingiva.
It is recognized as the most frequently occurring form of periodontitis. It is prevalent in adults but can occur at any age. Progression of attachment loss usually occurs slowly, but periods of rapid progression can occur.
Periodontitis as a Manifestation of Systemic Diseases
Periodontitis, often with onset at a young age, associated with one of several systemic diseases, such as diabetes.
Necrotizing Periodontal Diseases
An infection characterized by necrosis of gingival tissues, periodontal ligament, and alveolar bone. These lesions are most commonly observed in individuals with systemic conditions including, but not limited to, HIV infection, malnutrition, and immunosuppression.
Periodontal Disease Diagnosis
Sometimes the only way to detect periodontal disease is through a periodontal evaluation. This may be especially important in the following situations:
If you notice any symptoms of periodontal disease, including:
- gums that bleed easily, such as during brushing or flossing
- red, swollen or tender gums
- gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- persistent bad breath
- pus between the teeth and gums
- loose or separating teeth
- a change in the way your teeth fit together when you bite
What if you have a family member with the periodontal disease?
Research suggests that the bacteria that cause periodontal gum disease can pass through saliva. This means the contact of saliva between families puts children at risk of passing the periodontal disease to another family member.
If you have heart disease, diabetes, respiratory disease or osteoporosis.
Ongoing research is showing that periodontal gum disease may be linked to these conditions. The bacteria associated with periodontal disease can travel into the blood stream and pose a threat to other parts of the body. Building a strong immune system and maintaining healthy gums may lead to a healthier body and oral health.
Treatment of Periodontal Disease
If you’re diagnosed with periodontal disease, we may recommend periodontal surgery. Periodontal surgery is necessary when it is determined that the tissue around your teeth is unhealthy and cannot be repaired with non-surgical treatment. Following are the four types of surgical treatments most commonly prescribed:
- Periodontal Pocket Reduction Procedures
- Regenerative Procedures
- Crown Lengthening
- Soft Tissue Grafts
If you’ve already experienced a tooth loss due to periodontal disease, you may be interested in dental implants – the permanent tooth replacement option.